12 Facts That'll Change Your Perception of Time Forever

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10 Strange Facts About Cleopatra Teachers Never Told You

Whether you’ve seen her portrayed on the big screen, you learned about her in school, or probably a combination of both, Cleopatra is definitely one of the most well-known names out there! She was the last Egyptian pharaoh and without a doubt one of the most influential women in the history of humankind. But because the story of the queen’s life has been told in so many books and movies, it can be hard to separate historical facts from fiction. But we’re about to bust some of the most popular myths about Cleopatra and open your eyes to several peculiar facts of her real biography. TIMESTAMPS Cleopatra married two of her younger brothers. 1:15 Julius Caesar erected a statue of her in the Temple of Venus Genetrix. 2:40 Mark Antony once skipped an invasion to spend time with Cleo. 4:10 She wasn’t exactly a beauty. 5:14 Cleopatra wasn't just a ruler, she was a mother too. 5:56 She loved spending money, but not only on herself. 6:31 Cleopatra might not have died from a snake bite. 6:55 She could speak Egyptian Arabic. 7:40 Cleopatra's famous makeup was a sort of protection. 8:45 Cleopatra owned a perfume factory. 9:37 Bonus: Cleopatra spent money on a cocktail that would be equivalent to over $16 million today 10:21 Music: https://www.youtube.com/audiolibrary/music SUMMARY -Cleopatra ended up marrying her little brother, Ptolemy XIII, who was just 10 at the time. After his death, which occurred several years later, she married her other brother, Ptolemy XIV. -Caesar erected a statue of Cleopatra in the Venus Temple in Rome. -Cleopatra showed up to her first meeting with Mark Antony dressed as the Greek goddess Aphrodite. To no surprise, Mark Antony was impressed, and that's how their partnership started. -Her contemporaries saw her beauty not so much in her looks but in her wit, character, and irresistible charisma. -While Cleopatra didn't have any children with her brothers, she did have kids from both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. -Cleopatra did spend around 50% of her share of the kingdom’s income on beauty and other luxuries. But she was also an extremely efficient ruler who cared about her people. -Ancient historian Strabo wrote that Cleopatra always had a comb soaked in poison with her, so she possibly could’ve killed herself with it. -People in Cleopatra's family spoke Greek and had Greek traditions. Cleopatra was the first in her family to accept the local culture, ancient customs, and Egyptian gods. -Cleopatra’s makeup contained 4 lead-based substances and was used to fend off eye infections, which were common in Ancient Egypt. -The ruins of Cleopatra’s perfume factory were found near Ein Gedi, which is situated on the Dead Sea. That place was also used as a beauty salon and spa. -Cleopatra once had a bet with Mark Antony that she could spend 10 million sesterces, equivalent to $16.7 million today on just one dinner. Subscribe to Bright Side : https://goo.gl/rQTJZz ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/brightside/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/brightgram/ 5-Minute Crafts Youtube: https://www.goo.gl/8JVmuC ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more videos and articles visit: http://www.brightside.me/

13 Mysterious Details on Everyday Objects Explained

We’re so used to seeing certain everyday objects that we often ignore their little but important details. Yet, some of the most ingenious ideas are often hidden right in plain sight. If you look closely at a tram's overhead lines, you'll see that its contact wires zigzag back and forth instead of going in a straight line. As the tram moves, the arm-like structure called a pantograph attached to its roof slides along the wire, and it wears down evenly. In a standard 52-deck of cards, the King of Hearts looks kind of strange. Some historians argue that the King of Hearts represents Ajax the Great while the Queen of Hearts is Helen of Troy, the most beautiful woman in the world. Ajax was one Helen’s admirers, but when she refused him, he chose to commit suicide by stabbing himself with his own sword. Have you ever noticed how many spikes are in the crown of the Statue of Liberty, and do you know what they represent? There are seven of them, and they represent the seven seas and seven continents of the world. Is your first thought when playing video game consoles to eat the cartridges? Well, apparently that’s what the manufacturers of the cartridges for the Nintendo Switch thought when they decided to coat them with a bitter-tasting non-toxic solution. Most people assume that the tiny hole on the tip of a pen cap is there to even out the pressure so that the pen doesn’t leak. In fact, it’s to save a person who might accidentally swallow the cap and choke on it. Their airway won't be completely obstructed. w:Period-after-opening symbol on a bottle of mouthwash: By I, Trounce, CC BY-SA 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2389837 Animation is created by Bright Side. Music: Creepin MK2 https://www.youtube.com/audiolibrary/music TIMESTAMPS A tram’s mysterious zigzags 0:37 Who killed the King? 1:20 The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom 2:37 The open jar symbol on cosmetics packaging 3:15 The Statue of Liberty's crown 4:05 Blank pages in books 5:08 Colorful toothpaste 5:37 Bitter Nintendo Switch cartridges 6:22 Numbers on Heinz packets 6:59 The hole in the cap of a ballpoint pen 7:44 Little bumps on the “F” and “J” on your keyboard 8:20 Indentations on the bottom of wine and champagne bottles 8:41 Tiny holes in airplane windows 9:17 SUMMARY -All trams have an arm-like structure called a pantograph attached to their roofs. To wear it down evenly, the wire isn’t installed strictly along the tram's straight path but in a zigzag instead. -There are 3 theories explaining why the King of Hearts is the only king who appears to be sticking his sword straight into his head. -When the one-, two-, five-, ten-, twenty-, and fifty-pence pieces are laid out together, they form The Royal Coat of Arms of the UK. -To find out how long you can safely use your makeup for, look for the little open jar icon called the PAO (Period After Opening). -The Statue of Liberty has seven spikes in her crown, and they represent the seven seas and seven continents of the world. -Book pages are often printed on large sheets of paper rather than on small individual ones. And if there isn't enough content to fill these sheets, there will be blank pages. -It turns out that each stripe in the toothpaste has different ingredients and purposes: the white part helps whiten your teeth and remove plaque, the blue (or green) gel has antimicrobial and breath-freshening effects. The red part contains crucial elements for healthy gums. -The bitter taste of the cartridges for the Nintendo Switch is meant to make children spit out the cartridge in disgust. -The numbers in the upper right corner of Heinz packets indicate which filling line the packet was filled on. - If a person accidentally swallows the ballpoint pen cap and chokes on it, their airway won't be completely obstructed thank to the little hole in it. -The little bumps on the “F” and “J” on the keyboard help experienced typists that can do their work without looking at the keyboard find “home keys” where the index fingers rest. -Indentations on the bottom of wine and champagne bottles are there to prevent because the bottom and sides of the bottle from cracking when the bottle is being corked. -Tiny holes in airplane windows help balance out the air pressure and prevent the windows from fogging up. Subscribe to Bright Side : https://goo.gl/rQTJZz ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/brightside/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/brightgram/ 5-Minute Crafts Youtube: https://www.goo.gl/8JVmuC ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more videos and articles visit: http://www.brightside.me/

17 Incredible Facts They Never Taught You at School

There are so many weird historical facts we don’t know about that sometimes it seems reality is way more exciting than fiction. And such stories make our world a more intriguing place. TIMESTAMPS Albert Einstein for president 0:36 The strangest SOS message 1:01 King Tutankhamun’s parents were brother and sister 2:00 People actually wore flour sacks 2:19 The largest bird in the world 2:57 The reason we use fingerprints 3:28 Wake-up call 3:53 Painful Asian beauty 4:19 Huge crystal pyramids 4:36 Stalin invented Photoshop 5:01 Some Saints look like they’re sleeping 5:24 Clue to the location of the Holy Grail 5:52 Where the word "Hooker" comes from 6:25 The most horrifying mummies 6:53 Just a cough syrup for our ancestors 7:15 They thought Rasputin was immortal 7:41 A monkey fought bravely in World War I 8:11 Napoleon and the Sphinx’s nose 9:07 Van Gogh and his ear 9:40 Vikings’ horned helmets 10:12 Stonehenge 10:40 Discovery of America 11:12 Ossian’s poems 11:35 SUMMARY It’s the age of information, and we often face new facts that replace our previous views, right? So, here is our bonus – six historical facts we’ve all believed since school which turned out to be false. 1. Napoleon and the Sphinx’s nose The Great Sphinx of Giza is known for its lack of a nose. As legend has it, Napoleon’s army destroyed this body part during a battle with the Turks in 1798. However, Danish traveler Frederic Norden’s notes, in which he portrayed the statue without a nose in 1737, disprove the Napoleon story. 2. Van Gogh and his ear In reality, the whole thing happened after a conflict with his friend, Paul Gauguin, during which Van Gogh attacked him with a razor. In a fit of remorse (or, according to some researchers, madness), Vincent cut off a lobe of his ear that same night. 3. Vikings’ horned helmets We’re used to seeing Vikings portrayed in horned helmets, but archeologists still can’t say what shape their head guards were. Such helmets were only drawn in their tombs, and scientists think they were used for rituals, not in combat. Also, they’d been used since the Bronze Age long before the time of the Vikings. 4. Stonehenge Stonehenge is one of the biggest mysteries of the world, and new hypotheses about it are regularly born. Yet originally it looked nothing like it does today: in 1901, William Gowland initiated his restoration of the monument. Recent photos prove that now it looks quite different than in ancient times. 5. Discovery of America In our history lessons, we were told that Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. However, the first Europeans to have traveled to the New World were Vikings at the end of the 10th century. That’s when the first genetic contact occurred too. 6. Ossian’s poems Scottish poet James McPherson was renowned for translating the poems of Ossian, a Celtic bard of the 3rd century, from Gaelic. However, when faced with demands to present the manuscripts, McPherson eluded the subject. The manuscripts have still not been found, and the poems themselves are now considered a mystification. Which fact has impressed you the most? Our favorite is the one about the monkey that fought in World War I. Share your thoughts in the comments! Subscribe to Bright Side : https://goo.gl/rQTJZz ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/brightside/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/brightgram/ 5-Minute Crafts Youtube: https://www.goo.gl/8JVmuC ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more videos and articles visit: http://www.brightside.me/

True Pyramids Purpose Has Been Finally Discovered

Many researchers thought that the Egyptian tombs were constructed to highlight the majesty pharaohs. And that's what we studied at school. Yeah, past tense! Brace yourselves, folks, because it looks as if scientists have finally discovered the true purpose of the pyramids! It seems these unique structures might have had a function that was a far cry from burying the dead... TIMESTAMPS: How the Great Pyramid of Giza is different from any other traditional tombs 1:22 Could the ancient Egyptians have had technologies as advanced as the modern ones? 2:57 The Great Pyramid's mysteries 4:20 What about the “sarcophagi”? 6:34 “The Queen's Chamber” beneath the Great Pyramid 7:27 What was the gold capstone at the top of the Great Pyramid used for 9:46 Could ancient Egyptians us wireless energy for communication purposes? 10:45 Music: https://www.youtube.com/audiolibrary/music SUMMARY: - The Great Pyramid of Giza was made with over 2 million stone blocks, each weighing from 3 to 30 tons. Actually, the most gigantic ones can be as heavy as 50 tons! The base of the Great Pyramid covers an area of 592,000 square feet, and each of its sides is about 218,000 square feet in size. - If you let go of the stereotype that ancient civilizations were less developed than we are today, a question arises: could the ancient Egyptians have had technologies as advanced as the modern ones? What if their knowledge was lost only to be rediscovered centuries later? - Interestingly enough, the Egyptians also used a special material, dolomite, on the inner sides of the pyramid. This mineral is known to multiply electrical conductivity. - Modern technology still can't recreate the gypsum-based mortar that was used during the construction of the pyramids. This kind of gypsum withstands huge amounts of pressure. So this may sound bizarre, but the mortar holding them together is, in fact, stronger than the blocks of the pyramid themselves. - In 1993, an inaccessible secret room was uncovered beneath the Great Pyramid. This room, which seemed to be deliberately concealed, was dubbed “The Queen's Chamber”. In 2011, thanks to more developed technologies, it became possible to explore the room with the help of a remote camera. - At the top of the Great Pyramid of Giza, there used to be a capstone made entirely of gold. It forwarded a path to transfer negative ions (those are atoms with an electrical charge) to the ionosphere (the layer of the earth’s atmosphere that contains a ton of said atoms). And that’s how an electric current of immense power was produced! - Another weird thing you can see in such carvings is what clearly looks like a wireless antenna. Perhaps the ancient Egyptians used wireless energy for communication purposes? They very well could’ve used electricity at weaving plants to manufacture yarn. Subscribe to Bright Side : https://goo.gl/rQTJZz ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/brightside/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/brightgram/ 5-Minute Crafts Youtube: https://www.goo.gl/8JVmuC ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more videos and articles visit: http://www.brightside.me/

Top 10 PARADOXES That Will BLOW YOUR MIND

Welcome to Top10Archive! A paradox is a question or statement that completely goes against logic. From time travel, to the Twin Paradox, we're giving you our picks for the top 10 mind blowing paradoxes. Support us by shopping on Amazon! http://tinyurl.com/njwyzzn 10. The Liars Paradox 9. Grandfather's Axe Paradox (Ship) 8. The Twin Paradox 7. Grandfather Paradox 6. Zeno's Arrow Paradox 5. Hempel's Paradox (The Raven Paradox) 4. Causal Loop Paradox 3. Crocodile Paradox 2. The Friendship Paradox 1. Paradox of Twin Earths References: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLpIMRowndg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNbMvlPc_7U https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJ3lxzuI_sc https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iaSUOFleNRU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGo5rXUAH2o https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zLBEFvMkQCo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QPDMnHspQjk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iIBl0Ge7Up4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hWy7iTtfeAs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9R5iCBU-p3c https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RP8uhXuS2n8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W9SemYK9HEw https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4IMQgdBML4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3U1NlPZmWS4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fpYPyZpaPdA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkTrG-gpIzE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-oB6RuXecM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KPeHFDxKUP4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTBsZxdXbXE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPrPfkT82Pw https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FcK_UiVV40 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yrLutFhQLgE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ppM8Lw_wz0 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1NnyVc8r2SM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ihMrHXOfE4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f3DBaY0RsxU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K83NTmod_Go https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHepjitYJmM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TkZFuKHXa7w https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmI0chqq1M8 Voice Over Talent: https://www.youtube.com/user/thought2

What do you know about ur planet? Many things seem to have existed forever, and certain well-known people are associated with a specific period of time. But have you ever really sat down and considered the relationship between different events in correlation with each other? You’d be surprised how your perception of time really fools you!

By the way, we’ve hidden 3 tiny light bulbs in this video. Can you find them all? If you’re the first one to find them and write the time they appear in the comments, you will get a mention from us in one of our next videos! Good luck, and let’s begin!

TIMESTAMPS
When the first Star Wars was released, the guillotine was still being used in France. 1:02
People born at the same moment can celebrate their birthdays on different days. 1:46
Martin Luther King Jr., Anne Frank, and Christopher Plummer were all born in the same year. 3:15
Cleopatra lived closer to the founding of McDonalds than to the building of the Great Pyramids. 4:14
Some of the whales that lived when Moby-Dick was written are still alive today. 4:58
A plane from New Zealand traveled in time. 5:40
The grandchildren of US President John Tyler, who was born in the 18th century, are still alive. 6:22
Warner Bros. Studios appeared when the Ottoman Empire still existed. 7:18
Throughout the life of Queen Elizabeth II, there have been 16 different US presidents. 8:22
Tiffany & Co. jewelry company is older than Italy. 8:44
If you could fit the entire history of Earth into 1 year, humans would appear at 11:35PM on December 31. 9:59
We are now closer to 2033 than 2000. 12:24

SUMMARY
- The first Star Wars movie was released on May 25, 1977. After that, France officially abolished the use of the guillotine along with the death penalty 1981!
- For example, it's still morning in the US but already the next day in Australia. Anyone who has flown westward over long distances especially gets what we’re saying. You’re travelling for hours and hours but, according to the local time, you arrive to your destination earlier than when you had left!
- The famous American preacher and 1960’s civil rights leader was born in the same year as Anne Frank, a brave little Jewish teenager.
- By the time Cleopatra was born in 69 B.C., the Great Pyramid of Giza had already been around for 2,471 years!
- Herman Melville wrote Moby-Dick in 1851. In his book, the author described a gigantic white whale infamous for its huge size and the destruction it caused to ships. And while such whales have a lifespan of about 50-60 years, the Bowhead whale can live for as long as 200 years and more!
- What happened was a Hawaiian plane took off from Auckland at 12:05AM on January 1, 2018. The passengers on the plane were happy to celebrate the New Year a second time because the plane landed in Honolulu at 10:16AM local time on December 31, 2017.
- John Tyler was born in 1790; that’s over 200 years ago! Yet 2 of his grandchildren, Lyon Gardiner Tyler Junior and Harisson Raffin Tyler, are still alive. Yes, grandchildren!
- In 1903 the Warner brothers opened their first movie theater called the Cascade. Their parents were originally from the Russian Empire, and out of 12 children in the family, it was actually just Harry, Albert, Sam, and Jack that started the famous company.
- Elizabeth II was born in 1926 when Calvin Coolidge was President of the US. Since then, there have been 15 successors.
- The Italy we know today, aka the Italian Republic, was established in 1861, and Charles Lewis Tiffany and John Young opened their first store on Broadway in 1837. But you probably wouldn’t have recognized the company in its early years.
- Let's imagine the Earth’s 4.54 billion-year history is squished into one calendar year. If you crunch the numbers, you’ll see that 1 second would equal 144 years!
- When you hear "10 years ago," you still think of the '90s, not the 2000s, don't you? Isn’t it crazy how so many people are guilty of this? Well, here’s a friendly reminder: it’s been 18 years since the year 2000 (and 28 since 1990!)

Music:
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Marauder - Audionautix
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